cabecera

 
 

Impact of Green Power Distributed Generation to Voltage Profile and Protection Issues by Different Penetration Levels - A Study Developed on ATP Draw

T. S. Menezes, Y. Tresso, M. V. B. Mendonça, P. H. O. Rezende, F. A. M. Moura, M. R. M. Castillo

2016/5/20

Abstract

The connection of distributed generators in distribution systems of medium voltage or low voltage has been encouraged widely. Thus, it is necessary to assess the impacts and contributions to the voltage profile, as well as possible changes in the magnitudes of the short-circuit current and the consequent correlation with the adjustment of protection. This article investigates a feeder voltage profile through three different system load levels and evaluates the influence of the penetration level of a distributed generator. The results are compared in tables providing the reader a better insight into the issue discussed here.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 14)
Pages:468-474 Date of Publication: 2016/5/20
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2016/05/04
REF:365-16 Issue Date: May 2016
DOI:10.24084/repqj14.365 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

T. S. Menezes, Y. Tresso, M. V. B. Mendonça, P. H. O. Rezende, F. A. M. Moura, M. R. M. Castillo
Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro, Electrical Engineering Department, Uberaba- Minas Gerais. Brazil

Key words

Distributed Generation, Independent Power Generation, Islanding, Independent Producer, Auto Reconnection and Energy Systems.

References

[1] Famecos. Wind energy is Option for Distributed Generation. 2013. PUC R Grande do Sul. Accessed in June 10, 2014, in http://eusoufamecos.net/editorialj/eolica.{In Portuguese}
[2] ANEEL National Electric Energy Agency (2013). Normative Resolution nº 482. Accessed in June 10, 2014, in http://www.aneel.gov.br/area.cfm?idArea=757&idPerfil=2.{In Portuguese}
[3] National Institute for Energy Efficiency. What is Distributed Generation? Accessed in June 10, 2014, in http://www.inee.org.br/forum_ger_distrib.asp?Cat=gd. {In Portuguese}
[4] W. Freitas, A. M. França, J. C. M. Vieira Jr., L. C. P. da Silva, "Comparative Analysis Between Synchronous and Squirrel Cage Induction Generators for Distributed Generation Applications”. IEEE Trans. Power Systems, vol. 21,NO.1, FEBRUARY 2006.
[5] E. J. Coster, J. M. A. Myrzik, B. Kruimer, W. L. Kling, “Grid Issues of Distributed Generation in Distribution Grids”. IEEE Proceedings, vol. 99, NO. 1, JANUARY 2011.
[6] ANEEL National Electric Energy Agency . Generation agent. Accessed in October 27, 2015, in http://www.aneel.gov.br/aplicacoes/atlas/pdf/05-Biomassa%282%29.pdf. {In Portuguese}
[7] M. Resener, R. H. Salim, A. S. Bretas, "Impacts of Excitation Control Modes od Distributed Generators on Distribution Systems Transient Stability: A Case Study”, in IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, 2012.
[8] J. R. C. Almeida, M. J. B. B. Davi, C. B. Santos, F. A. M. Moura, J. R. Camacho, “Review of Technical Requirements for Brazilian Distribution Companies for the Integration of Distributed Generators – A Comparative Analysis on The Perspective of IEEE - STD 1547-2”, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality Journal, v.13, 2015.
[9] M. J. B. B. Davi, C. B. Santos, J. R. C. Almeida, F. A. M. Moura, M. V. B. Mendonça, J. R. Camacho, “Analysis of the Influences of Changes in Gains and Time Constants in Power Factor Regulator Using ATP-EMTP”, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality Journal, v.13, 2015.
[10] C. J. Mozina, "Impact of Green Power Distributed Generation”. IEEE Industry Application Magazine, vol. 16, NO.4, JULY 2010.
[11] Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology, Report prepared for the Ministry of Science and Technology, Project Bra/95/G31. Control nº 99/117. United Nations Program for Development Program - PNUD. Accessed in June 10, 2014, in http://www.winrock.org. {In Portuguese}
[12] ANEEL - National Electric Energy Agency - “Atlas of electricity in Brazil”. Accessed in June 10, 2014, in http://www.aneel.gov.br. {In Portuguese}
[13] J. O. Rezende, L. M. Peres, G. C. Guimarães, A. J. de Moraes, M. A. Tamashiro, “Evaluation of Medium Voltage Distribution Network with/without Distributed Generation using ATP Software”, International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality Journal, v.12, 2014.
[14] PRODIST – Procedures for Electricity Distribution in the National Electric System, Module 8, Quality of Electricity, 2012. Available at: http://tinyurl.com/m3974dg . Accessed in May 6, 2014. {In Portuguese}
[15] R. C. Dugan, M. F. McGranaghan, S. Santese, H. W. Beaty, “Electrical Power Systems Quality”, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2002.

 
pie