cabecera

 
 

Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Storage System Linked to the Electric Grid

B.N. Arribas, R. Melício, J.G. Teixeira, V.M.F. Mendes

2016/5/20

Abstract

This paper focuses on technology state of the art for the charge/discharge of electric energy storage supported by vanadium redox flow battery linked to the electric grid. Properties of vanadium, the main configuration and the reaction of charge/discharge of a vanadium redox flow battery are addressed. The vanadium redox flow battery has the highest cell voltage among the other redox flow battery, implying higher power and energy density which favours application at power plants. This electric energy storage is viewed as a promising contribution to be integrated in power system due to a reasonably bulky size and to successful applications currently allowing storage of energy at power plants or at electrical grids. For instances, allowing storage of energy as an economic improvement providing spin reserve to avoid penalty for imbalances between the energy delivered and energy contracted at closing of electricity market or as an economic improvement to diminish the cost of electricity usage of a consumer. The vanadium redox flow battery has the advantages of scalability customized to meet requirements for power and energy capacity and of excellent combination of energy efficiency, capital cost and life cycle costs compared with other technology.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ),Vol. 1, Nº. 14
Pages:1025-1030 Date of Publication: 2016/5/20
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2016/5/4
REF:561-16 Issue Date: May 2016
DOI:10.24084/repqj14.561 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

B.N. Arribas(2), R. Melício(1,2), J.G. Teixeira(3), V.M.F. Mendes(2,4)
1. IDMEC/LAETA, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
2. Departamento de Física, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Portugal
3. HERCULES Laboratório, Departamento de Química, Escola de Ciências eTecnologia. Universidade de Évora, Portugal
4. Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa. Portugal

Key words

Vanadium RFB, security of supply, scalability, charge/discharge, startup.

References

[1] L. Schaefer, Editorial, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 1, pp. 1.2, March 2013.
[2] B. Bouzidi, New sizing method of PV water pumping systemsh, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 4, pp. 1.10, December 2013.
[3] M.C. Di Piazza, M. Pucci, and G. Vitale, New sizing method of PV water pumping systems, Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, vol. 2, pp. 19.30, June 2013.
[4] R.P. Brooker, C.J. Bell, L.J. Bonville, and H.R. Kunz, Determining vanadium concentrations using the UV-Vis response method, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 162, pp. A608.A613, 2015.
[5] P. Alloto, M. Guarnieri, and F. Moro, Redox flow batteries for the storage of renewable energy: a reviews, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 29, pp. 325.335, 2014.
[6] I. Gonzalez, M. Ramiro, A.J. Calderon, and J.F. Gonzalez, Estimation of the state-of-charge of gel lead-acid batteries and application to the control of a stand-alone wind-solar test-bed with hydrogen supporth, International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 37, pp. 11090.11103, 2012.
[7] B. Turker, S.A. Klain, L. Komsiyska, J.J. Trujillo, L. von Bremen, M. Kuhn, and M. Busse, Utilizing a vanadium redox flow battery to avoid wind power deviation penalties in an electricity market, Energy Conversion and Management, vol. 76, pp. 1150.1157, 2013.
[8] C. Blanc, Modeling of a vanadium redox flow battery electricity storage system. PhD Thesis, Ecole Polytechnique Federale de Lausanne, Switzerland, 2009.
[9] H.P. Ikkurti, and S. Saha, A comprehensive techno-economic review of microinverters for building integrated photovoltaic (BIPV), Renewable and Sustainable Energy Review, vol. 47, pp. 997.1006, 2015.
[10] PV Tech Storage, http://storage.pv-tech.org/interviews/american-vanadium-mining-for-billions-in-the-nevada-desert, 2015.
[11] H2 Inc, <http://www.h2aec.com/english/product/vrfb.asp>, 2015.
[12] G. Kear, A.A. Shah, and F.C. Walsh, Development of the all]-vanadium redox flow battery for energy storage: a review of technological, financial and policy aspects, International Journal of Energy Research, vol. 36, pp. 1105.1120, 2012.
[13] E. Belenguer, R. Vidal, R. Blasco-Gimenez, H. Beltran, J.C. Alfonso, and C. Arino, Islanded operation and control of offshore wind farms connected through a VSC-HVDC link, in: International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality, 1.6, Bilbao, Spain, March 2013.
[14] M. Aktarujjaman, M.A. Kashem, M. Negnevitsky, and G. Ledwich, Black start with DEIG based distributed generation after major emergencies, in: IEEE International Conference on Power Electronics, Drives and Energy Systems, 1.6, New Delhi, India, March 2006.
[15] M. Skyllas-Kazacos, M.H. Chakrabarti, S.A. Hajimolana, F.S. Mjalli, and M. Saleem, Progress in flow battery research and development, Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 158, pp. R55.R79, 2011.
[16] P. Arora, and Z. Zhang, Battery separators, Chemical Review, vol. 104, pp. 4419.4462, 2004.
[17] S. Corcuera, and M. Skyllas-Kazacos, State-of-charge monitoring and electrolyte rebalancing methods for the vanadium redox flow battery, European Chemical Bulletin, vol. 1, pp. 511.519, 2012.
[18] F. Rahman, and M. Skyllas-Kazacos, Vanadium redox battery: positive half-cell electrolyte studies, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 189, pp. 1212.1219, 2009.
[19] M. Bartolozzi, Development of redox flow batteries. A historical bibliography, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 27, pp. 219.234, 1989.
[20] E. Sum, and M. Skyllas-Kazacos, A study of the V(II)/V(III) redox couple for redox flow cell applications, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 15, pp. 179.190, 1985.
[21] Flickr, <https://www.flickr.com/photos/energylabdcu/sets/72157622243017037/>, 2015.
[22] J. Noack, and J. Tubke, Redox flow energy storage for fluctuating renewable energies, in: International Stationary Battery Conference, 1.10, Pompano Beach, USA, March 2009.
[23] Z. Yang, J. Zhang, M.C.W. Kintner-Meyer, X. Lu, D. Choi, P.J. Lemmon, and J. Liu, Electrochemical energy storage for green grid, Chemical Reviews, vol. 111, pp. 3577.35613, 2011.
[24] L.J. Ontiveros, and P.E. Mercado, Modeling of a vanadium redox flow battery for power dynamic studies, Journal of Hydrogen Energy, vol. 39, pp. 8720.8727, 2014.
[25] G. Merei, S. Adler, D. Magnor, M. Leothold, and D.U. Sahuer, Multi-physics model for a vanadium redox flow battery, Energy Procedia, vol. 46, pp. 194.203, 2014.
[26] F. Baccino, M. Marinelli, P. Nogard, and F. Silvestro, Experimental testing procedures and dynamic model validation for vanadium redox flow battery storage system, Journal of Power Sources, vol. 254, pp. 277.286, 2014.
[27] C. Blanc, and A. Rufer, Understanding the vanadium redox flow batteries, in: Paths to Sustainable Energy, InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, pp. 333.358, 2010.

 
pie