Vanadium Redox Flow Battery Storage System Linked to the Electric Grid

B.N. Arribas, R. Melício, J.G. Teixeira, V.M.F. Mendes



This paper focuses on technology state of the art for the charge/discharge of electric energy storage supported by vanadium redox flow battery linked to the electric grid. Properties of vanadium, the main configuration and the reaction of charge/discharge of a vanadium redox flow battery are addressed. The vanadium redox flow battery has the highest cell voltage among the other redox flow battery, implying higher power and energy density which favours application at power plants. This electric energy storage is viewed as a promising contribution to be integrated in power system due to a reasonably bulky size and to successful applications currently allowing storage of energy at power plants or at electrical grids. For instances, allowing storage of energy as an economic improvement providing spin reserve to avoid penalty for imbalances between the energy delivered and energy contracted at closing of electricity market or as an economic improvement to diminish the cost of electricity usage of a consumer. The vanadium redox flow battery has the advantages of scalability customized to meet requirements for power and energy capacity and of excellent combination of energy efficiency, capital cost and life cycle costs compared with other technology.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ),Vol. 1, Nº. 14
Pages:1025-1030 Date of Publication: 2016/5/20
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2016/5/4
REF:561-16 Issue Date: May 2016
DOI:10.24084/repqj14.561 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

B.N. Arribas(2), R. Melício(1,2), J.G. Teixeira(3), V.M.F. Mendes(2,4)
1. IDMEC/LAETA, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Portugal
2. Departamento de Física, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Portugal
3. HERCULES Laboratório, Departamento de Química, Escola de Ciências eTecnologia. Universidade de Évora, Portugal
4. Instituto Superior de Engenharia de Lisboa. Portugal

Key words

Vanadium RFB, security of supply, scalability, charge/discharge, startup.


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