Testing and analysis of a fuel cell based stand-alone power system
for residential use

 

J. García-Villalobos, I. Zamora, J. I. San Martín, F. J. Asensio, I. Junquera

 

2017/04/25

Abstract

Nowadays, there are residential buildings which cannot be connected to a distribution network, due to the lack of electric infrastructure. Also, there are other electric applications where it is necessary to have a back-up system, i.e. hospitals, hotels, etc. Additionally, there are users who just want to be off-grid. In all these cases, a dedicated stand-alone generation system can provide a valuable service.
In this context, this paper is focused on testing and analysis of a real small stand-alone generation system composed by two proton membrane exchange fuel cells (PEMFC) and a micro wind generator (WG). The key feature of this configuration is to be an on-site zero-emission system. Additionally, quality of supply and energy efficiency of this microgrid in islanded mode are analyzed. Furthermore, possible optimization methods and future enlargements of the system are proposed, in order to improve the overall efficiency of the proposed microgrid.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 15)
Pages: 581-586 Date of Publication: 2017/04/25
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:

REF: 400-17

Issue Date: April 2017
DOI:10.24084/repqj15.400 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

J. García-Villalobos(1), I. Zamora(1), J. I. San Martín(2), F. J. Asensio(2), I. Junquera(1)
1. Department of Electrical Engineering University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Bilbao (Spain)
2. Department of Electrical Engineering University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU). Eibar (Spain)

Key word

Fuel cell, wind turbine, zero emissions, stand-alone, off-grid, microgrid

References

[1] “Off-Grid solar market trends report,” 2016. [Online]. Available: http://www.energynet.co.uk/webfm_send/1690. [Accessed: 03-Nov-2016].
[2] N. W. a. Lidula and a. D. Rajapakse, “Microgrids research: A review of experimental microgrids and test systems,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 186–202, Jan. 2011.
[3] K. S. Lee, H. J. Lee, S. C. Sin, J. H. Kim, T. K. Lee, and C. Y. Won, “A stand-alone fuel cell generation system design,” 2011 Int. Conf. Electr. Mach. Syst. ICEMS 2011, 2011.
[4] H.-K. Chiang, B.-R. Lin, and Y.-A. Ou, “Implementation of a stand-alone fuel cell system for domestic applications,” IEEE Reg. 10 Annu. Int. Conf. Proceedings/TENCON, vol. D, pp. 187–190, 2004.
[5] M. Bollen, Jin Zhong, and Yufeng Lin, “Performance indices and objectives for microgrids,” in IET Conference Publications, 2009, no. 607, pp. 607–607.
[6] “EN50160 - Voltage characteristics of electricity supplied by public distribution systems.”
[7] “EN61000 part 2.2 - Compatibility levels for low frequency conducted distubances and signalling in public low voltage (LV) power supply systems.”
[8] J. I. San Martín, I. Zamora, F. J. Asensio, and J. García-Villalobos, “Control and management of a fuel cell microgrid. Energy efficiency optimization,” in International Conference on Renewable Energies and Power Quality (ICREPQ’13), 2013.