Renewable Energy Generation Technologies on Urban Scale

 

A. Barragán, P. Arias and J. Terrados

 

2017/04/25

Abstract

Expectations against environmental degradation, including future effects of global warming, require changes in the way how the city is conceived. As an essential, is necessary that public policies and organized planning to consider concepts related to energy supply with the resources that have the cities. Given the enormous pressure of the cities on the environment, the proposed changes are in fact an opportunity to promote sustainability. In a previous study, eleven technologies that use resources available or that come from the cities was determined. It was established that with the widespread use of these technologies, it possible reduce flows from energy carriers that require a city. These energy carriers may be electricity or fuel, and are used for producing heating, power,
lighting or data process. Of the technologies described, eight can be used for electricity generation: biomass, biogas from digester, biogas landfill, waste incineration, tidal, wind, small hydro and photovoltaic. The possible use of one or other technology depends not only on the existence of the resource. Is necessary, take in count, technical, economic, social or environmental factors. This research proposes to use multicriteria techniques to analyze holistically the most appropriate option for promoting energy renewable in a particular city.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 15)
Pages: 681-685 Date of Publication: 2017/04/25
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:

REF: 432-17

Issue Date: April 2017
DOI:10.24084/repqj15.432 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

A. Barragán(1), P. Arias(2) and J. Terrados(3)
1. Carrera de Ingeniería Eléctrica. Universidad Politécnica Salesiana, Cuenca (Ecuador)
2. Carrera de Ingeniería Eléctrica. Universidad Católica de Cuenca. (Ecuador)
3. Departamento de Ingeniería Gráfica, Diseño y Proyectos. Universidad de Jaén. (España)

Key word

Renewable energy, sustainability, energy self-sufficiency, urban planification.

References

[1] T. Dixon, M. Eames, J. Britnell, G. B. Watson, and M. Hunt, “Urban retrofitting: Identifying disruptive and sustaining technologies using performative and foresight techniques,” Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, vol. 89, pp. 131–144, 2014.
[2] H. Ren, W. Zhou, K. Nakagami, W. Gao, and Q. Wu, “Feasibility assessment of introducing distributed energy resources in urban areas of China,” Appl. Therm. Eng., vol. 30, no. 16, pp. 2584–2593, 2010.
[3] P. S. Grewal and P. S. Grewal, “Can cities become self-reliant in energy? A technological scenario analysis
for Cleveland, Ohio,” Cities, vol. 31, pp. 404–411, 2013.
[4] W. R. W. A. Leduc and F. M. G. Van Kann, “Spatial planning based on urban energy harvesting toward productive urban regions”, J. Clean. Prod., vol. 39, pp. 180–190, 2013.
[5] A. BARRAGÁN and J. TERRADOS, “Sustainable Cities: An Analysis Of The Contribution Made By Renewable Energy Under The Umbrella Of Urban Metabolism,” Int. J. Sustain. Dev. Plan., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 416–424, Apr. 2017.
[6] A. Páez, “Energy-urban transition: The Mexican case,” Energy Policy, vol. 38, no. 11, pp. 7226–7234, 2010.
[7] IDAE, “Plan de Energias Renovables 2011 2020,” http://www.Idae.Es/Index.Php/Id.670/Mod.Pags/Mem.
Detalle, pp. 1–824, 2011.
[8] S. D. Pohekar and M. Ramachandran, “Application of multi-criteria decision making to sustainable energy planning - A review,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 365–381, 2004.
[9] J. J. Wang, Y. Y. Jing, C. F. Zhang, and J. H. Zhao, “Review on multi-criteria decision analysis aid in sustainable energy decision-making,” Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev., vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 2263–2278, 2009.
[10] B. Mareschal, “Visual PROMETHEE manual,” 2013.