Design and Prototype of a Micro Hydrokinetic Vertical Turbine


A.M. Ramirez Tovar, Y.U. Lopez and S.Laín




In Latin America only few countries are 100% connected to national electric networks. In Colombia, 52% of the national territory is known as Non-Interconnected Zones with a population of 2 million people. To cover these zones basic electricity needs, the use of natural, local and renewable resources such as the hydraulic is proposed, due to the high energetic potential. For this purpose, there are several types of hydraulic turbines, most of them used for large scale power generation (UPME, 2010). This paper aims to design of hydraulic turbomachines for micro-generation to satisfy the electricity demand on isolated villages is deeply research. To accomplish this, a three straight blades Vertical Axis Micro Turbine H-Darrieus type is designed and modelled using CAD computational tools. Hydraulic characterization is run on a CFD ANSYS module and fluid-structure interaction is analyzed. Prototyping is made using 3D-printing process in a digital fabrication lab.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 15)
Pages: 903-910 Date of Publication: 2017/04/25
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:

REF: 512-17

Issue Date: April 2017
DOI:10.24084/repqj15.512 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

A.M. Ramirez Tovar(1), Y.U. Lopez(2) and S.Laín(2)
1. Renewable Energy for All-Foundation. Cali, Colombia
2. Autonoma de Occidente University, Department of Energetic and Mechanic, Cali, Colombia

Key word

Micro-generation, vertical axis turbine, H-Darrieus.


[1] Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética, UPME – CORPOEMA. Formulación Plan de Desarrollo FNCE [En línea]. Disponible en . 2010.
IEA. World Energy Outlook 2014. International Energy Agency IEA. O D/IEA. 2014.
A. Chauhan, R.P. Saini, Renewable energy based off-grid rural electrification in Uttarakhand state of India: Technology options, modelling method, barriers and recommendations, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 51, November 2015, Pages 662-681.
S. Atmaja P. Rosyidi, Tjasa Bole-Rentel, Surya Budi Lesmana, Jazaul Ikhsan, Lessons Learnt from the Energy Needs Assessment Carried out for the Biogas Program for Rural Development in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, Volume 20, 2014, Pages 20-29
C. Shyu. (2012). Rural electrification program with renewable energy sources: An analysis of China’s Township Electrification Program. Energy Policy, 51, 842–853.
L. Olatomiwa, Saad Mekhilef, A.S.N. Huda, Olayinka S. Ohunakin, onomic evaluation of hybrid energy systems for rural electrification in six geo-political zones of Nigeria, Renewable Energy, Volume 83, November 2015, Pages 435-446.
T. Slough, Johannes Urpelainen, Joonseok Yang, Light for all?. Evaluating Brazil's rural electrification progress, 2000–2010, Energy Policy, Volume 86, November 2015, Pages 315-327.
M. J. Khan, G. Bhuyan, M.T. Iqbal, J.E. Quaicoe, Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems and assessment of horizontal and vertical axis turbines for river and tidal applications: A technology status review, Applied Energy, Volume 86, Issue 10. October 2009.
T. Burton., D. Sharpe., N. Jenkins., & E. Bossanyi. (2001). Wind energy handbook. John Wiley & Sons.
H. Polinder, Van der Pijl, F. F., Vilder, D., & Tavner, P. J. (2006). Comparison of dir t-drive and geared generator concepts for wind turbines. Energy conversion, IEEE transactions on, 21(3), 725-733.
M. S. Güney, K. Kaygusuz, Hydrokinetic energy conversion systems: A technology status review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 9, D ember 2010, Pages 2996-3004.
J. Albernaz, Jerson Rogério Pinheiro Vaz, Alexandre Luiz Amarante Mesquita, André Luiz Amarante Mesquita, Claudio José Cavalcante Blanco, An Approach for the Dynamic Behavior of Hydrokinetic Turbines, Energy Procedia, Volume 75, August 2015, Pages 271-276
S. Laín, B. Quintero, D. Trujillo, Y. Ulianov, Simulation of Vertical Axis Water Turbines, IEEE, 2012.
S. Samanvorakij, P. Kumkratug. "Modeling and Simulation PMSG based on Wind Energy Conversion System in MATLAB/SIMULINK. Proc. of the Second Intl. Conf. on Advances in Electronics and Electrical Engineering—AEEE. 2013.
M. E. Haque, M. Negnevitsky, K. M. Muttaqi, A novel control strategy for a Variable Speed Wind Turbine with a Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator. IEEE Transaction on Industry Applications, Vol 46, No 1, pp. 1-8, 2008.
A. M. Hemeida, W. A. Farag, O. A. Mahgoub. Modeling and Control of Direct Driven PMSG for Ultra Large Wind Turbines. World Academy of Science Engineering and Technology. Vol. 59, pp. 621-627, 2011.
REN21. 2014. Global Status Report. Paris: REN21 Secretariat.