Viability of renewable energies and industrialization of rural areas using high-performance concrete

Daltro Garcia Pinatti, Rosa Ana Conte, Carolina Azevedo Braz, Thiago Hirosse Silva, Felipe da Costa Aparecido

2018/04/20

Abstract

In the Tropics, the two biggest sources of renewable energy are the intermittent thermal solar and biomass, which is limited by the occupation of large areas. High-performance concrete (HPC) allows construction of thermal solar parabolic collectors (TSPC), which collect 70% of the incident radiation for preheating and evaporating feed water of a Rankine thermoelectric unit whose steam is superheated in a biomass-fired boiler. HPC also allows economical fabrication of stakes, planks to retain rainwater in soil level curves and U-, L-, I- structural profiles to construct riparian tanks to be used for grass irrigation during the dry season increasing biomass production up to 60 tons of dry biomass per hectare per year. Simultaneously soil and fertilizer are recycled recovering degraded bare hills that occupy 1/3 of Brazilian territory. Integration of thermal solar and biomass is complemented with the production of animal protein (cattle, free-range chicken, and fish); anaerobic digester of biomass inoculated with animal deject generates biogas that is washed to vehicular methane gas replacing fossil fuels. Availability of energy (electrical, thermal, and vehicular), water and space below TSPC area promotes transference of urban industries to rural areas.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 16)
Pages: 127-132 Date of Publication: 2018/04/20
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2018/03/23
REF: 232-18 Issue Date: April 2018
DOI:10.24084/repqj16.232 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

Daltro Garcia Pinatti(1), Rosa Ana Conte(1), Carolina Azevedo Braz(2), Thiago Hirosse Silva(2), Felipe da Costa Aparecido(1)
1. Department of Materials Engineering. Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Sao Paulo University. Lorena, SP (Brazil)
2. Department of Chemical Engineering. Escola de Engenharia de Lorena, Sao Paulo University. Lorena, SP (Brazil)

Key words

Thermal solar-biomass energy generation, anaerobic digester, rainwater retention, high-performance concrete profiles.

References

[1] R.A. Conte, D.G. Pinatti, L.F.M. Marton, S. Ribeiro, T.W. Acosta, R.A.P.A. Cruz, and H.F. Santiago, “Parabolic Solar Collector Coverage made of High-performance Concrete with Addition of Active Rice Husk Silica Integrated to a Biomass Thermoelectric Unit”, Key Engineering Materials, v 634, 2015, p.72-82.
[2] D.G. Pinatti, L.F.M. Marton and O. Pilecco, “Production process of fluidized rice husk silica and corresponding resulting product”, Brazilian PI 1101915-8 A2, 2012, 35p.
[3] T.R. Toledo, D.G. Pinatti, R.A. Conte, R.C.M. Botti, S. Ribeiro, J.P.R. Laurindo, “Calcined kaolinitic clay from primary sand mining and its application in high performance concrete (HPC)”, in Proc. 59 Brazilian Congress on Ceramics CBC2015, pp. 199-210.
[4] D.G. Pinatti and R.A. Conte, “Total integration of renewable and fossil energy aiming to a clean and sustainable energy system”, Journal of Energy and Power Engineering, v.7 (no. 1), 2013, 58-65.
[5] S.R. Mattos, “Cylindrical parabolic solar collector analysis, optimization, and performance evaluation”, Dissertation (Master degree on Mechanical Engineering), 2011, Guaratinguetá Engineering College, Guaratinguetá, 108 p.