Land requirement scenarios of PV plants in Brazil

Paulo C. M. Carvalho, Lívia A. Machado, Camila T. Vitoriano, Luis M. Fernández Ramírez



Wind and solar parks future development can be constrained by land requirements. Considering the expected rapid development of the photovoltaic (PV) sector in Brazil in the next years, we analyse in this paper the associated interactions between land requirement and possible impacts of the PV
technology. Key data from selected PV plants in operation in Brazil are used as reference. Investigation is based on two electricity generation scenarios for the year 2050: 1) Base Scenario, developed according to governmental policies and current trends for the energy sector and 2) Energy Revolution Scenario, a projection developed by Greenpeace Brazil based on 100% renewable energy sources. Considering the 2050 - Base Scenario, PV installed capacity in Brazil is expected to require an area of 940 km2. Considering the 2050 - Energy Revolution Scenario, PV installed power in the country is expected to use an area of 2000 km2.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 16)
Pages: 170-174 Date of Publication: 2018/04/20
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2018/03/23
REF: 252-18 Issue Date: April 2018
DOI:10.24084/repqj16.252 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

Paulo C. M. Carvalho(1), Lívia A. Machado(1), Camila T. Vitoriano(1), Luis M. Fernández Ramírez(2)
1. Department of Electrical Engineering. Federal University of Ceara – UFC. Campus Pici, Ceará (Brazil)
2. Department of Electrical Engineering. University of Cadiz – UCA. Escuela Politécnica Superior de Algeciras, Cádiz (Spain)

Key words

Energy scenario, PV sector development, Land requirement of PV plants.


[1] ABEEÓLICA, Dados mensais setembro de 2017, São Paulo (2017), pp. 1-9.
[2] Christian Brannstrom, Adryane Gorayeb, Jocicléa S. Mendes, Caroline Loureiro, Antonio J. A. Meireles, Edson
V. Silva, Ana L. R. Freitas, Rafael F. Oliveira: Is Brazilian wind power development sustainable? Insights from a review of conflicts in Ceará state; Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 67 (2017) 62–71.
[3] M. R. Borges Neto; P. C. M. Carvalho; J. O. B. Carioca; F. J. F. Canafístula: Biogas/photovoltaic hybrid power system
for decentralized energy supply of rural areas; Energy Policy 38 (2010) 4497-4506.
[4] ANEEL,
[5] Empresa de Pesquisa Energética – EPE: Balanço Energético Nacional 2017 – Relatório Síntese.
[7] Greenpeace Brazil. Energy Revolution, São Paulo (2017).
[8] Vasilis Fthenakis, Hyung Chul Kim: Land use and electricity generation: A life-cycle analysis; Renewable and
Sustainable Energy Reviews 13 (2009) 1465–1474.
[9] Cesar L. A. Dias, David A. C. Branco, Maurício C. Arouca, Luiz F. L. Legey: Performance estimation of photovoltaic
technologies in Brazil; Renewable Energy 114 (2017) 367-375.
[13] ENGIE,
[15] João M. L .Moreira, Marcos A. Cesaretti, Pedro Carajilescov, José R. Maiorino: Sustainability deterioration of electricity generation in Brazil; Energy Policy 87 (2015) 334–346.