Is Objection to Wind Energy Justified?

M. Alrefai and A. Pourmovahed

 

2019/07/15

Abstract

Wind power has been used by humans for over7000 years. The first known example of wind power use is most likely the utilization of sailboats used by Phoenicians and Egyptians. Windmills have been used on a small scale for many centuries primarily for the purpose of milling grains and pumping water. The use of wind turbines to produce large amounts of electricity has occurred in recent times. The most powerful wind turbine today is an 8-MW turbine for offshore use. According to the U.S Energy Information Administration (EIA), as of March 2017, wind and solar power were contributing about 10% of the electricity generated in the United States. Resistance to change is a part of human nature and, as expected, has prompted some individuals and groups to oppose the development of wind power in their communities. The “Not In My Back Yard” (NIMBY) phenomenon is well known and has been cited as the force against many new developments in numerous communities around the world. This paper reports the results of a study investigating common reasons cited for objections to wind power installations. Under some circumstances, some of the claims against wind power may be justifiable while in other cases the objections appear to be completely baseless.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 17)
Pages: 97-102 Date of Publication: 2019/07/15
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2019/04/10
REF: 232-19 Issue Date: July 2019
DOI:10.24084/repqj17.232 Publisher: EA4EPQ

Authors and affiliations

M. Alrefai1 and A. Pourmovahed2
1. Mechanical Engineering Graduate Student.Kettering University. Flint, Michigan, U.S.A.
2. Professor of Mechanical Engineering. Kettering University. Flint, Michigan, U.S.A.

Key words

Wind Power, Renewable Energy, Objection to Wind Power, Wind Power Disadvantages

References

[1] A. Rapin, S. Commet, A. Monroe, J. Hendley, and A. Pourmovahed, “Design and Testing of Horizontal Axis Wind Turbine Blades and Components to Increase Efficiency,” 5th International Youth Conference on Energy (IYCE 2015), Pisa, Italy, May, 2015.
[2] 20% Wind Energy by 2030: Increasing Wind Energy’s Contribution to U.S. Electricity Supply.
https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/20-wind-energy-2030-increasing-wind-energys-contribution-us-electricity-supply
[3] https://www.eia.gov/outlooks/ieo/pdf/0484(2017).pdf
[4] Global Wind Report, Annual Market Update 2015.
http://www.gwec.net/wp-content/uploads/vip/GWEC-Global-Wind-2015-Report_April-2016_22_04.pdf
[5] Irish Examiner, 14 June, 2017.
https://www.irishexaminer.com/ireland/wind-farm-being-sued-by-families-admits-its-liability-442172.html
[6] T. Kellner, “How loud is a Wind Turbine?,” 2014. https://www.ge.com/reports/post/92442325225/how-loud-is-a-wind-turbine/
[7] J. H. Schmidt and M. Klokker, “Health Effects Related to Wind Turbine Noise Exposure: A Systematic Review”, PLoS One. 2014; 9(12): e114183, Published online 2014 Dec 4. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0114183
[8] P. Allen, “Couple win landmark battle to have 10 wind turbines taken down because they spoil the view from their dream home in France,” Daily Mail, 2013.
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2490820/Couple-win-landmark-battle-10-wind-turbines-taken-spoil-view-dream-home-France.html
[9] O. Parent and A. Ilinca, “Anti-icing and de-icing techniques for wind turbines: Critical review”,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coldregions.2010.01.005
[10] https://stopthesethings.files.wordpress.com/2018/03/ice-covered-blade.jpg
[11] National Wind Watch - Feds investigate Arizona wind farm for killing protected species.
https://www.wind-watch.org/news/2018/03/21/feds-investigate-arizona-wind-farm-for-killing-protected-species/
[12] J. Shields, “What Wind Power Critics Who Cry 'Bird' Get Wrong,” 2017. https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/energy/wind-power-turbines-birds-danger.htm
[13] J. Kaldellis and D. Zafirakis, “The wind energy (r)evolution: A short review of a long history,” https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960148111000085
[14] https://energy.gov/articles/top-10-things-you-didnt-know-about-wind-power
[15] https://wcfn.org/2014/07/02/wind-turbines-contaminate/
[16] American Wind Energy Association, Fact Sheet. https://www.awea.org/resources/fact-sheets/state-facts-sheets
[17] L. Miller and D. Keith. 10/4/2018. “Climatic Impacts of Wind Power” Joule, 2. https://keith.seas.harvard.edu/publications/climatic-impacts-wind-power