Performance of 1.4 kW Grid connected desert type PV

A. H. Al-Badi




This paper analyzes the performance of desert type photovoltaic 1.4 kWP grid connected plant. The system was installed in College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Oman and was monitored since April 2012. The experimental results show that the total measured annual energy produced was 2217.6 kWh with average system efficiency of 15% for the first year. The average capacity factor for the system was 17%.

Published in: Renewable Energy & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ, Nº. 17)
Pages: 275-279 Date of Publication: 2019/07/15
ISSN: 2172-038X Date of Current Version:2019/04/10
REF: 286-19 Issue Date: July 2019
DOI:10.24084/repqj17.286 Publisher: EA4EPQ


Authors and affiliations

A. H. Al-Badi
Department of Electrical & Computer Engineering. College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University

Key words

Desert type PV, PV performance, Oman


[1] Eke R, Demircan H. Performance analysis of a multi crystalline Si photovoltaic module under Mugla climatic conditions in Turkey. Energy Conversion and Management 2013;65:580-6.
[2] Adaramola MS. Techno-economic analysis of a 2.1 kW rooftop photovoltaic-grid-tied system base on actual performance. Energy Convers Manag 2015;101:85-93.
[3] Mpholo M, Nchaba T, Monese M. Yield and performance analysis of the first grid connected solar farm at Moshoeshoe I International Airport, Lesotho. Renew Energy 2015;81:845-52.
[4] Kumar KA, Sundareswaran K, Venkateswaram PR. Performance study on a grid connected 20 kWp solar photovoltaic installation in an industry in Tiruchirappalli (India). Energy Sustain Dev 2014;23:294-304.
[5] Padmavathi K, Daniel SA. Performance analysis of a 3 MWp grid connected solar photovoltaic power plant in India. Energy Sustain Dev 2013;17:615-25.
[6] L. Lima, L. Ferreira, F. Morais. Performance analysis of a grid connected photovoltaic system in northeastern Brazil. Energy for Sustainable Development 37 (2017) 79-85
[7] L. Ayompe, A. Duffy, S. McCormack, M. Conlon. Measured performance of a 1.72 kW rooftop grid connected photovoltaic system in Ireland. Energy Conversion and Management 52 (2011) 816–825
[8] A.H. Al-Badi, "Wind Power Potential in Oman ", International Journal of Sustainable Energy Vol. 30, No. 2, April 2011, 110-118.
[9] S. Al-Yahyai, Y. Charabi, A. Al-Badi, and A. Gastli, "Ensemble NWP Approach for Wind Energy Assessment," in
press, Renewable Energy.
[10]A.H. Al-Badi, A. Malik and A. Gastli,” Sustainable Energy Usage in Oman - Opportunities and Barriers” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol.15, 2011, pp. 3780–3788.
[11] A. Malik and A.H. Al-Badi," Economics of Wind Turbine as an Energy Fuel Saver - A Case Study for Remote Application in Oman", Energy 34 (2009) 1573-1578
[12] A. H. Al-Badi, "Hybrid (solar and wind) energy system for Al Hallaniyat Island electrification", International Journal of
Sustainable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 4, August 2011, 212-222.
[13] A. Al-Badi and H. Bourdosen," Study and Design of Hybrid Diesel -Wind Stand-Alone System for Remote Area in Oman", in press, International Journal of Sustainable Energy.
[14] A.H. Al-Badi, M. AL-Toobi, S. AL-Harthy, Z. Al-Hosni, A. AL-Harthy," Hybrid Systems for Decentralized Power
Generation in Oman", in press, International Journal of Sustainable Energy.
[15] A. H. Al-Badi, M. H. Al-Badi, A. M. Al-Lawati and A. S. Malik, "Economic Perspective for PV Electricity in Oman",
Energy 36 (2011) 226-232.
[16] A. H. Al-Badi, Y. Charabi, A. Gastli and Y. Al-Shaili, “Measurement of Grid Solar PV System in Oman”, International
Conference on Engineering and Technology (BICET 2014), Brunei, Nov. 1-3, 2014.
[17] Fuentes M, Nofuentes G, Aguilera J, Talavera DL, Castro M. Application and validation of algebraic methods to predict the behaviour of crystalline silicon PV modules in Mediterranean climates. Sol Energy 2007;81:1396–408.
[18] M. Ya’acob, H. Hizam, T. Khatib, M. Radzi, “A comparative study of three types of grid connected photovoltaic
systems based on actual performance”, Energy Conversion and Management 78 (2014) 8–13
[19] D. Micheli, S. Alessandrini, R. Radu, I. Casula, “Analysis of the outdoor performance and efficiency of two grid
connected photovoltaic systems in northern Italy”, Energy Conversion and Management 80 (2014) 436–445
[20] S. Wittkopf, S. Valliappan, L. Liu, K. Ang, S. Cheng “Analytical performance monitoring of a 142.5 kWp gridconnected
rooftop BIPV system in Singapore”, Renewable Energy 47 (2012) 9-20
[21] S. Edalati, M. Ameri, M. Iranmanesh,”Comparative performance investigation of mono- and poly-crystalline silicon
photovoltaic modules for use in grid-connected photovoltaic systems in dry climates”, Applied Energy 160 (2015) 255–265
[22] Kazem HA, Khatib T, Sopian K, Elmenreich W. Performance and feasibility assessment of a 1.4 kW roof top
grid-connected photovoltaic power system under desertic weather conditions. Energy Build 2014;82:123–9.
[23] Pietruszko SM, Gradzki M. Performance of a grid connected small PV system in Poland. Appl Energy 2003;74:177–84.
[24] Sharma V, Chandel SS. Performance analysis of a 190 kWp grid interactive solar photovoltaic power plant in India.
Energy 2013;55:476–85.
[25] C. Sidi, M. Ndiaye, M. El Bah, A. Mbodji, A. Ndiaye, P. Ndiaye, “Performance analysis of the first large-scale (15
MWp) grid-connected photovoltaic plant in Mauritania”, Energy Conversion and Management 119 (2016) 411–421
[26] Phinikarides A, Makrides G, Zinsser B, Schubert M, Georghiou GE. Analysis of photovoltaic system performance
time series: seasonality and performance loss. Renew Energy 2015;77:51–63.
[27] Sundaram S, Babu JSC. Performance evaluation and validation of 5 MWp grid connected solar photovoltaic plant in
South India. Energy Convers Manage 2015;100:429–39.
[28] Al-Otaibi A, Al-Qattan A, Fairouz F, Al-Mulla A. Performance evaluation of photovoltaic systems on Kuwaiti
schools’ rooftop. Energy Convers Manage 2015;95:110–9.
[29] Kymakis, E., Kalykakis, S., Papazoglou, T.M., 2009. Performance analysis of a grid connected photovoltaic park on the island of Crete. Energy Convers. Manage. 50 (3), 433-438. [30] International Electrotechnical Commission. IEC 61724, photovoltaic system performance monitoring guidelines for measurement, data exchange and analysis. 1st ed. Geneva, IEC: International Electrotechnical Commission; 1998.
[31] K. Attari, A. Elyaakoubi, A. Asselman. Performance analysis and investigation of a grid-connected photovoltaic installation in Morocco. Energy Reports, Volume 2, November 2016, Pages 261-266
[32] Padmavathi, K., Daniel, S., 2013. Performance analysis of a 3 MWp grid connected solar photovoltaic power plant in India. Energy Sustainable Dev. 17, 615-625
[33] Dragana, D., Tomislav, M., 2015. Performance analysis of A grid-connected solar PV plant in Niš, republic of Serbia. Renew. Sustainable Energy Rev. 44, 423-435.